Emergency Planning Concepts

Welcome to the Aged Care Emergency Planning website

Emergency Management – “All Hazards” Approach

When planning for emergencies it is essential that ALL hazards (natural and non-natural) are considered.  Some hazards to consider include (but are not limited to) –

  • Bushfire
  • Storm event
  • Flood
  • Earthquake
  • Infrastructure failure (ie building collapse or major gas leak)

When developing plans and arrangements, they need to be flexible and adaptable to various types of hazards. For example at the time of developing an Evacuation Plan it should focus on more than the threat and impact of a hazard, it should be a broader document that has some degree of flexibility that allows it to be applied during a bushfire, a flood, storm etc.

Emergency Management – The “Comprehensive” Approach

The comprehensive approach covers all aspects in the emergency spectrum and is commonly referred to as the PPRR approach, ie prevention, preparedness, response and recovery.

Prevention - Stopping or reducing the effect of an emergency occurring. Strategies might include:

  • Undertake a sound risk assessment and understand all the risks to assist in the planning process
  • Undertake seasonal clean up of vegetation around the facility
  • Consider future planting of vegetation and landscape design around facilities
  • Install flood protection devices, such as levees etc
  • Install back up power generators, uninterrupted power supplies (UPS) for computers and on-site drinking water storage
  • Correct and safe storage of chemicals

Preparedness - How to prepare for an emergency. Strategies might include:

  • Develop, review and regularly test all plans, including emergency, evacuation and business continuity
  • Train and exercise all staff and clients in emergency arrangements, including evacuation procedures
  • Maintain any surrounding bushland / grassland in accordance with CFS standards
  • Ensure that all drainage pipes, including gutters and down pipes are cleaned regularly
  • Build relationships with local key stakeholders

Response - What to do when a potential or actual emergency occurs. Strategies might include:

  • Minimise the impact of an emergency, if possible
  • Provide timely information to all relevant parties, including clients
  • Monitor intelligence, such emergency service warnings on television or radio, twitter and the internet
  • Identify key triggers that require critical decision making
  • Consider whether shelter-in-place or evacuation is required – who is required to make that decision?

Recovery - What happens when the immediate phase of an emergency has subsided or passed. Strategies might include:

  • Monitor the health and well-being of staff and clients
  • Ensure that client medication is available
  • If evacuated during an emergency, assess the facility prior to returning evacuated clients

Liaise with Recovery Organisations and facility management as to future / ongoing physical and emotional needs